How the Debt Ceiling Crisis Impacts Small Businesses: Effects and Preparedness

Shray Bhardwaj
3 min readJun 1, 2023


How the Debt Ceiling Crisis Impacts Small Businesses: Effects and Preparedness

The impending deadline to raise the United States debt ceiling, which denotes the legal limit on the federal government’s borrowing capacity, by June 5, 2023, presents a critical situation. Failure by Congress to take the appropriate action will result in the Treasury Department running out of funds, leading to a default on its debt obligations. This scenario will have far-reaching ramifications on the economy, financial markets, and the global perception of the U.S. as a reliable borrower.

For small businesses, understanding the implications of a debt ceiling crisis on their operations, finances, and prospects is of utmost importance. Here are several potential impacts that small business owners should be cognizant of and make necessary preparations for:

Reduced Credit Accessibility:

Small businesses rely on credit to finance their daily operations, expand their capacities, and pursue new opportunities. However, a debt ceiling crisis can complicate credit accessibility as banks and lenders adopt stricter lending standards and raise interest rates in response to heightened risks and uncertainties. According to a recent survey by Goldman Sachs 10,000 Small Business Voices, 63% of small business owners expressed concern about the negative effects of reduced credit access in the event of a U.S. debt default.

Increased Borrowing Costs:

Even if small businesses manage to secure credit, they may face higher borrowing costs. A debt ceiling crisis can trigger a downgrade in the U.S. credit rating, thereby increasing borrowing costs for both the government and private sector entities. A lowered credit rating necessitates higher interest rates demanded by investors lending money to the U.S., subsequently affecting the rates charged by banks and lenders to their customers. Fed economists estimated in 2013 that a debt ceiling crisis could result in a 0.5 percentage point increase in interest rates across the board.

Slower Economic Growth:

The overall economy can suffer from a debt ceiling crisis due to diminished consumer confidence, declining business sentiment, and reduced spending driven by fears of default and its associated repercussions. Slower economic growth translates into reduced demand for goods and services, lower revenues and profits, and limited growth and innovation opportunities for small businesses. According to the aforementioned Fed economists, a debt ceiling crisis could induce a mild recession lasting two quarters.

Disrupted Government Services:

Small businesses often rely on essential government services, including tax refunds, contract payments, loan guarantees, grants, and technical assistance. A debt ceiling crisis can disrupt these services as the Treasury Department would need to prioritize payments, leading to delays or cancellations. This uncertainty and hardship can significantly impact small businesses dependent on such services. The Goldman Sachs survey indicated that 58% of small business owners anticipate negative consequences from disrupted government services in the event of a U.S. debt default.

Preparation Strategies for Small Businesses:

Given the potential impacts outlined above, proactive measures are crucial for small business owners to prepare for a possible debt ceiling crisis and minimize its effects. Consider the following steps:

Building Cash Reserves:

Small businesses should aim to accumulate sufficient cash reserves and reduce expenses to create a buffer against reduced credit access and declining revenues. Maintaining available cash enables businesses to meet payroll, fulfill supplier payments, and cover operational costs during credit shortages or payment delays.

Diversifying Funding Sources:

Exploring alternative funding sources beyond traditional bank loans is advisable. Small businesses should consider online lenders, crowdfunding platforms, angel investors, venture capitalists, or community development financial institutions (CDFIs) for additional flexibility and availability during times of crisis.

Seeking Financial Advice:

Seeking professional financial advice from accountants, bankers, lawyers, or consultants can provide valuable guidance on managing cash flow, optimizing tax situations, negotiating with creditors, and accessing relief programs if necessary. Staying informed about the latest debt ceiling negotiations and their impact on specific industries and markets is also essential.

Strengthening Customer Relationships:

Prioritizing customer relationships by delivering high-quality products and services, offering discounts or incentives, soliciting feedback, and maintaining regular communication is vital. Building customer loyalty and trust enhances the chances of retaining existing customers and generating referrals during an economic downturn.


The debt ceiling crisis poses a significant threat to the U.S. economy, especially for small businesses. Awareness of potential impacts and proactive measures for preparation are key for small business owners. By adopting these strategies, businesses can bolster their resilience and adaptability in times of uncertainty and adversity.